International Journal of Public Policy and Administration <p>The IJPPA is an open access journal that publishes peer-reviewed articles on public policy and administration. It is hosted by CARI Journals, a global platform for academic research and dissemination. The journal covers various topics related to the theory and practice of public policy and administration, and welcomes interdisciplinary and comparative perspectives. The journal follows a rigorous peer-review process and adheres to the principles of open access. The journal publishes articles monthly and issues certificates for publication to the authors. The journal is indexed in several databases such as Google Scholar, EBSCOhost, Slicit.</p> en-US <p>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work’s authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> (Journal Admin) (Journal Support) Sun, 29 Oct 2023 22:32:10 +0300 OJS 60 Statu Quo Du Droit Disciplinaire Dans Les Entites Operationnelles En Sante En Republique Democratique Du Congo <p><strong>But</strong>&nbsp;: La République Démocratique du Congo fait face à des défis majeurs en matière de management des ressources humaines dans le secteur de la santé. Les textes règlementaires régissant la discipline au sein de la Fonction Publique présentent des lacunes et des incompatibilités qui limitent la capacité des entités opérationnelles sanitaires à prendre des mesures disciplinaires appropriées. Cette situation a un impact négatif sur l'autorité et la gestion des ressources humaines en santé, compromettant ainsi la qualité des services de santé offerts à la population. Il est donc crucial d'analyser ces lacunes et de proposer des solutions pour renforcer le droit disciplinaire dans les entités opérationnelles en santé en République Démocratique du Congo. Cette étude vise à identifier les insuffisances du cadre réglementaire actuel et à formuler des recommandations pour améliorer la gestion disciplinaire au sein du ministère de la santé publique. L'objectif de cette étude est d'analyser les incompatibilités et les insuffisances du droit disciplinaire dans les textes règlementaires régissant la discipline dans la Fonction Publique de la République Démocratique du Congo, en mettant en lumière le manque de possibilités de sanctions pour les fautes légères des agents du ministère de la santé publique. Pour atteindre cet objectif, une analyse approfondie des textes règlementaires en vigueur a été réalisée, mettant en évidence les lacunes en matière de sanctions disciplinaires.</p> <p><strong>Résultats</strong>&nbsp;: Les résultats de cette étude ont révélé que les textes règlementaires actuels ne prévoient pas de sanction disciplinaire inférieure au blâme, première sanction prévue, ce qui diminue l'autorité dans les entités opérationnelles sanitaires dans ce sens que cette dernière n’est infligée que par une haute autorité ne faisant pas partie d’une entité opérationnelle.</p> <p><strong>Contributeur unique à la théorie, à la pratique et aux politiques&nbsp;:</strong> Il a également été constaté que des termes et des lois devraient subir une actualisation afin de faciliter la compréhension et d'adapter les sanctions au contexte actuel mouvant. Cette étude met en lumière la nécessité de réviser les lois en matière de discipline dans la Fonction Publique en République Démocratique du Congo, afin d'octroyer un peu de pouvoir disciplinaire et de responsabilités au niveau opérationnel de la pyramide sanitaire. En donnant plus de responsabilités aux unités fonctionnelles du ministère de la santé, ce changement profiterait à l'ensemble de la Fonction Publique et permettrait de promouvoir de nouveaux modèles d'organisation.</p> Bwalya Peti Richard, Monga Yengo Hilaire , Kilufya Kisoma Hugues Copyright (c) 2023 Bwalya Peti Richard, Monga Yengo Hilaire , Kilufya Kisoma Hugues Tue, 12 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0300 A Review on the Commercialisation of Scrap within the Perspective of the Circular Economy in Uganda <p><strong>Purpose</strong>: This study aimed to review commercialisation of scrap with a view of stimulating the circular economy of Uganda.</p> <p><strong>Methodology</strong>: A desk review method was adopted seeing that the researchers did not have any funds devoted to this research coupled with limited time as a result of busy work schedules. This method is handy in unearthing important issues using secondary data such as academic journals, text books, periodic reports, policy documents and other official documents of government and non-state actors such as the civil society.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Findings</strong>: The circular economy in Uganda offers opportunities for the reuse of materials, job creation, waste reduction, and resource preservation, but challenges such as inadequate infrastructure, the informal sector, health and safety risks, limited access to raw materials, insufficient financing, and a lack of regulation and enforcement need to be addressed. Solutions to promote a safer and more sustainable circular economy include reducing waste at the source, promoting reuse and repair, and designing products for circularity. A multi-stakeholder approach that involves collaboration and partnerships between the government, private sector, and communities is needed.</p> <p><strong>Unique Contribution to Theory, Practice and Policy</strong>: This review acts as an eye opener to the urban authorities in uganda and the region seeing that commercialisation of scrap serves as a form of employment for several youths, generates revenues and more importantly helps to mitigate climate change variability on top of maintaining cleaner cities and towns.</p> Patrick Ogwang, David Mwesigwa Copyright (c) 2023 Patrick Ogwang, David Mwesigwa Thu, 09 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Influence of Stakeholder's Engagement on Implementation of Drug and Alcohol Abuse Policy: A Case Study of Langas Estate Uasin Gishu County <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> The purpose of the research study was to ascertain how the involvement of stakeholders affects the decline in substance abuse in Langas Estate. Specifically, the study was anchored on the following objectives; Public awareness, Capacity building and Policy implementation.</p> <p><strong>Methodology</strong>: The researcher adopted a simple random sampling approach who were to help present primary data. Primary data was gathered using surveys with closed ended questions, with focus being on Langas Estate, comprising youth and adults. Google forms were used as the primary data collection tool, with respondents receiving a link to the form, filling and submitting the completed forms. Microsoft Excel was used to code, tabulate, and analyze correctly completed surveys forms. To get a representative sample, a 5% margin of error and 90% confidence level and a 30% proportion was used. The calculated sample size was 229 respondents. Descriptive statistics included means, standard deviation, frequency and percentages. Data was presented in form of tables and graphs. Correlation and regression analysis were used to explore the strength between the independent and dependent variables.</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> The findings showed limited awareness of drug policies and education efforts based on low mean scores, reflecting gaps in the Belief System Model. Respondents disagreed that capacity building by entities like Nyumba Kumi is adequate, aligning with Family Systems Theory. Sentiment indicated ineffective policy implementation, tying to Problem Behavior Theory. The analysis reveals deficits in awareness, capacity building and policy implementation that likely perpetuate drug abuse, validating the study's theoretical framework. The study recommends stakeholders strengthen awareness campaigns, increase community empowerment programs, improve policy enforcement and funding support.</p> <p><strong>Unique contribution to theory, practice and policy:</strong> The study identifies the gaps that lie between policy implementation, drugs and substance abuse awareness campaign. It shows that the stakeholders are not doing enough to help curb the menace. There are still gaps to be filled especially in awareness campaign, capacity building and policy implementation. It this calls for the full engagement of national government, county government, chief, Nyumba Kumi initiative and NACADA to play their roles effectively in enforcement of the stated policies.</p> Philip Gicheha Tatua, Dr. Isaac Mokono Abuga Copyright (c) 2023 Philip Gicheha Tatua, Dr. Isaac Mokono Abuga Sun, 29 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Contemporary Challenges Associated With Border Security Operations to Promote Socio-Economic Development at Aflao Border in Ghana <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> The study investigated challenges associated with border security operations to promote socio-economic development using an integrated border management model at Aflao Border in Ghana. Using a mixed method approach, which is in line with the transformative philosophical underpinning.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> Both interviews and questionnaires were employed as data collection tools. The population was sampled from four security service institutions manning the operations at Afloa border. Given the premise that border security forces were selected from the four coordinated security forces. The study respectively drew 112 security personnel drawn at random from the Afloa border. Using the sampling ratio proposed by Cochran (1963: 75) to arrive at variability p = 0.5 (maximum variability) and with the desire of 95% confidence level and ±5% precision. The sampled population was composed of 106 border security personnel, and 6 senior border security personnel serving in the hierarchy of the General, Patrol, Intelligence, and Anti-Human Smuggling and Trafficking Units at the borders were interviewed to furnish the qualitative data for this study. The study adopted a descriptive research design using personnel from the Ghana Immigration Service, Customs Division of Ghana Revenue Authority, Ghana Police Service, and Ghana Armed Forces in charge of security at the Aflao border.</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> The study concludes that specific challenges which confront the border security apparatus are, in order of priority, inadequate logistics and equipment, inadequate coordination among border officials, and inadequacy of border security personnel.</p> <p><strong>Unique Contribution to Theory, Practice and Policy</strong>: Improve border control, the government should make needed resources available by providing modern equipment/gadgets and logistics for patrol teams and the operations of the security system.</p> Millicent Yengkangyi, Kwadwo Bioh Agyei, Dr. George Asumadu Copyright (c) 2023 Millicent Yengkangyi, Kwadwo Bioh Agyei, Dr. George Asumadu Wed, 29 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Advancing Intelligence Analysis and Military History for Strategic Crime Detection and Prevention in Nigeria <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> The purpose of this study was to interrogate influence of intelligence analysis and military history on crime detection and prevention in Nigeria. Specifically, the study was anchored on the following objectives; Public awareness, Capacity building and Policy implementation.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> The researchers adopted Clarke and Mayhew’s Situation Crime Prevention theory and the descriptive design for the study. Primary and secondary data were obtained. Primary data were collected through the 12 key informant interviews held with conducted with personnel of the Nigeria Armed Forces, Peace and Security Scholars, officials of the Federal Ministry of Defense, selected community leaders, and stakeholders in the security sector, as well as relevant Civil Society Organizations on crime prevention process. The secondary source of data included; the existing literatures, relevant journal publications, dailies, magazines and web materials. Data obtained were content-analyzed.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> Findings of the study revealed that the lingering aftermaths of civil war, bribery and corruption, inadequate security gadgets or equipment, absence of motivation for security personnel, inadequate cooperation from the general public and negative perception towards the security agencies, poverty, lack of patriotism, bad leadership, among others were the factors militating against the timely crime prevention efforts by various stakeholders in Nigeria. Findings also indicate that intelligence analysis and military history remain highly imperative in crime detection and prevention in the state, as it is evident that they help in locating and studying the spots or terrains of crime, conflict and war (shaping the battlefields, dictating routes of advancements, and dictating defensive positions). The study recommends that the Office of National Security Adviser through the Nigerian government must be able to integrate a variety of past experiences of military activities, intelligence information sources, determine how relevant they are towards enhancing national security and assess the situations based on context.</p> <p><strong>Unique Contribution to Theory, Practice and Policy:</strong> The study identifies the gap that lies between policy implementation, influence of intelligence analysis and military history on crime detection and prevention in Nigeria. It shows that the stakeholders are not doing enough towards curtailing crimes in the country. There are still gaps to be filled in awareness campaign, capacity building and policy implementation on the deployment of intelligence analysis and military history for crime detection and prevention. The study therefore submits that strategic intelligence analysis and military history need be up scaled to timely identify, analyze, and prevent potential escalation of crime.</p> Dr. Temitope Francis Abiodun , Dr. Doyinsola Agunbiade Copyright (c) 2023 Dr. Temitope Francis Abiodun , Dr. Doyinsola Agunbiade Thu, 02 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300